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Gestational Diabetes

Ocean Obstetric & Gynecologic Associates

Obstetrics & Gynecology located in Ocean, NJ & Howell, NJ

Gestational diabetes is a pregnancy complication that, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, affect as many as 9.2% of American mothers. For those living in and around Ocean and Howell, New Jersey, Ocean Obstetric & Gynecologic Associates is a valuable resource for both diagnostics and treatment. To learn more about gestational diabetes and other common pregnancy concerns, book a prenatal appointment by calling the office or using the online tool.

Gestational Diabetes Q & A

What is gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes develops when your body cannot manufacture enough insulin to meet your increased needs during pregnancy. Insulin is critical to the process of converting glucose, or blood sugar, into energy. Without adequate insulin, glucose builds up in your bloodstream.

That places excess strain on your circulatory system and many other systems within your body. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can put both you and your baby at risk.

Am I at risk for gestational diabetes?

Any woman can develop gestational diabetes, but there are certain factors that increase your risk level. These include:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Being older than 25
  • Personal or family history of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes
  • African-American, Hispanic, Asian, or American Indian race

If you have any of these risk factors, your obstetrician will likely want to see you for more frequent prenatal visits.

What are the risks associated with gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes can cause harm to both you and your baby. The condition places your unborn baby at a higher risk of:

  • Preterm birth
  • Low blood sugar
  • Excessive birth weight
  • Developing type 2 diabetes in adulthood

Gestational diabetes places you at a higher risk of:

  • High blood pressure and preeclampsia
  • Developing type 2 diabetes later in life

Proper treatment can lessen these risks.

How is gestational diabetes treated?

The first step in treating gestational diabetes is careful blood sugar monitoring. You may need to check your blood sugar 4-5 times each day. The process seems onerous at first but soon becomes second nature.

Lifestyle modifications can go a long way in treating gestational diabetes. You may need to improve your diet and get more exercise. Both of these steps can also make all aspects of your pregnancy easier to navigate.

For some women, medication is needed to supplement insulin levels or control blood sugar. There are oral and injectable options available. Your obstetrician will also monitor your pregnancy closely, and may induce labor if you near or pass your due date.

If you’re interested in screening for gestational diabetes, schedule an appointment today. You can book online any time of day or night, or call the office to check availability.  

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