Endometriosis

Ocean Obstetric & Gynecologic Associates

Obstetrics & Gynecology located in Ocean, NJ & Howell, NJ

If you’re one of the estimated 6.5 million women in the U.S. who have endometriosis, you know how painful the condition can feel. Fortunately, a team of experienced and compassionate physicians at Ocean Obstetric & Gynecologic Associates is available to alleviate pelvic pain for patients with endometriosis. With two convenient locations in Ocean and Howell, New Jersey, Ocean Obstetric & Gynecologic Associates is dedicated to providing endometriosis patients with the highest quality care. Call or book an appointment online today to learn more.

Endometriosis Q & A

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a painful condition in which the tissue that lines the inside of your uterus begins to grow on the outside of your uterus. It can affect your ovaries, fallopian tubes, and — in rare cases — spread beyond your pelvic organs. Because your endometrial tissue is displaced, it cannot escape your body like it typically does during menstruation, leading to pelvic pain, cysts, and other painful symptoms.

What are the most common endometriosis symptoms?

The main symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, but there are several other warning signs to watch out for, including:

  • Uncomfortable or painful intercourse
  • Extreme cramps before your period
  • Heavy bleeding during menstrual cycle
  • Back pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Discomfort during bowel movements and urination
  • Extreme bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Infertility

For those suffering from endometriosis, pain, bloating, and other symptoms tend to worsen over time when left untreated, so it’s important to seek help as soon as possible.

What causes endometriosis?

Doctors don’t know what causes endometriosis, but several factors may put you at risk of developing the condition during adulthood.

Irregular periods

If you have always had an irregular menstrual cycle, you may be at a higher risk of developing displaced endometrial tissue.

Genetics

Endometriosis tends to run in families, so you are more likely to have it if your mother, sister, or other close female relatives also suffer from the condition.

Surgery

Surgeries such as a C-section or hysterectomy may inadvertently cause your endometrial tissue to become displaced.

Hormones

Excess estrogen is shown to promote the development of endometriosis.

Immune system

Certain cancers, such as ovarian cancer, are linked to endometriosis, leading some doctors to believe that lower immune systems have trouble detecting when endometrial tissue moves outside of the uterus.

How is endometriosis treated?

There are several types of endometriosis treatments available, depending on the severity of your condition. These include:

Hormonal birth control

Hormonal birth control is shown to lighten menstrual flows, reduce menstrual cramps, and shorten periods. If you don’t have severe endometriosis symptoms, and you are not trying to get pregnant in the near future, hormonal birth control may be the right treatment to alleviate your pain.

Medication

If you are not a good candidate for hormonal birth control, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist stops the hormones responsible for both your menstrual cycle and ovulation. While this medication does temporarily pause your menstrual cycle, your period should return once you no longer take it.

Surgery

In severe cases, surgery is recommended to remove the displaced endometrial tissue from your body. If the surgery is successful, you will likely return to hormonal treatment to manage your symptoms.

Without treatment, endometriosis can lead to prolonged pelvic pain, infertility, and even cancer. At Ocean Obstetric & Gynecologic Associates, a team of women’s health experts is available to determine the cause of your symptoms and create the right individualized treatment plan for you.

Call or schedule an appointment online today.

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